Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease

woman covering her mouth with her hand to hide early gum disease

Healthy gums are essential to your oral health. Gums keep your teeth in place, support the bone, and protect your body from harmful bacteria. If you don’t take care of your gums, you can get gum disease. Early symptoms are often mild, but as the disease progresses, you’ll experience more pain and complications. What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?

Gingivitis: Early Signs

Without a good oral hygiene routine, bacteria-filled plaque builds up on your teeth. This bacteria irritates your gums, causing tenderness, redness, itching, and swelling. This is gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease. It’s very common. In fact, the CDC says that about half of all Americans have some form of gum disease.

Periodontitis: More Serious Symptoms

Gingivitis can be quickly reversed if you get treatment. If the disease progresses, it becomes periodontitis. Symptoms are more serious. Pockets appear between your gums and teeth, causing gum recession. Bacteria builds up in these pockets, often leading to infection. As your gum structure weakens, tooth and bone loss are possible. Pain, bad breath, bleeding, and loose teeth are signs that your gum disease is advancing. Studies link gum disease to other issues like heart disease, so getting treatment is vital.

Preventing & Treating Gum Disease

You can protect your gum health through good oral hygiene routines (brushing and flossing) and regular visits to Dr. Miller. If you notice symptoms like swelling, redness, or bleeding, come visit our office soon. If your gum disease is more serious, we offer advanced treatments like local antibiotics and gum disease therapy.

Concerned You Have Gum Disease?

Gum disease is treatable, especially in its early stages. If you’re worried about it, please let us know during an appointment at our San Marcos office! The Mission Hills Family Dental team can diagnose gum disease and offer recommendations. If you have any questions about symptoms or anything else dental-related, we invite you to contact us.

Contact us to discuss your gum health!
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